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Detecting and Repairing Disk Errors

In previous Windows operating systems, ScanDisk detected and fixed disk errors.

In Windows XP, you can use the Error-Checking tool to check for file system errors and bad sectors on your hard disk. To run the Error-Checking tool, perform the following steps:

  1. Open My Computer and right-click the local disk you want to check.
  1. Select Properties and click the Tools tab.
  1. Under Error-Checking, click Check Now.
  1. Under Check Disk Options, select the Scan For And Attempt Recovery Of Bad Sectors checkbox and click Start.

All files must be closed for the Error-Checking process to run. Your volume is not available to run any other tasks while this process is running. If the volume is currently in use, a message asks if you want to reschedule the disk checking for the next time you restart your system. Then, the next time you restart your system, disk-checking runs. If your volume is formatted as NTFS, Windows XP automatically logs all file transactions, replaces bad clusters automatically, and stores copies of key information for all files on the NTFS volume.

Next: Backup and Restore