HTML (Hypertext Markup Language) is the language behind every web page and is derived from SGML (Standard Generalized Markup Language). It tells the browser what to display. The browser looks at the source code and displays the content of the page on the screen. There are many different versions of HTML available, each supporting new features and it is worth noting that some browsers may not be able to view certain versions correctly. Here are some version examples:
- V2.0: most basic version
- V2.1: supports international format
- V2.2: supports tables
- V3.0: supports text formatting
- V3.1: supports maths
- V4.0: supports multimedia and scripting.
To write HTML, all you need is a normal text editor such as Microsoft Word or better still, Notepad. The only thing to remember is to save the file with the extension .htm or .html, for example: homepage.htm. You can use upper or lower case text, but we suggest you stick to lower case.
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