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Recovery Console

The Windows Server 2003 Recovery Console provides a command-line environment that allows you to carry out the following tasks:

  • enable or disable services that prevent Windows Server 2003 from starting correctly.
  • read, write and copy files on a local drive. The Recovery Console enforces NTFS permissions.
  • format hard disks.
  • repair a boot sector.

You must log onto the server using the local administrator account to run the Recovery Console. The Recovery Console can be preinstalled, or it can be run from the Windows Server 2003 CD-ROM. The Recovery Console is installed as follows:

  • Put the Windows Server 2003 CD into the computer's CD-ROM drive. Click Start > Run, then type cmd in the Open box and click OK.
  • At the command prompt, type the letter of the CD-ROM drive (eg: D:) and press Enter. Type cd\i386 and press Enter.
  • Type winnt32 /cmdcons and press Enter. Windows Server 2003 might check for updates before installing the Recovery Console.
  • When the installation is completed, click Yes, then click OK.

To run the Recovery Console, restart Windows Server 2003 and select Recovery Console from the Please Select the Operating System to Start screen. You can also start the Recovery Console by booting the server from the Windows Server 2003 CD-ROM. This can be useful if the Recovery Console has not been preinstalled, or if the server does recognise the boot drive.

  1. Insert the Windows Server 2003 CD-ROM into the CD drive and, if necessary, press a key to boot from the CD.
  1. Press R to select the Repair/Recover option.

Once the Recovery Console boots, you must choose the Windows Server installation that you want to log on to. On a multiboot server, you can log on to any compatible operating system, eg: Windows 2000, Windows XP or Windows Server 2003.

  1. Type the number of the required Windows installation (usually 1) and press Enter.
  1. Type the password for the local administrator account and press Enter.

Once you have logged on to the Recovery Console, you can type help and press Enter at the command prompt to display a list of Recovery Console commands.

Next: Restore Data from Shadow Copy Volumes