Skip to main content

Internet/Network Layer Protocols

Wikipedia describes the role of the Internet Layer as

"The network layer provides the functional and procedural means of transferring variable length data sequences from a source to a destination via one or more networks while maintaining the quality of service, and error control functions."

Ref: Wikipedia/Network Layer

Internet Protocol

IP encapsulates the datagrams (UDP) or segments (TCP) from the transport layer into IP packets that can be routed differently over the Internet (i.e. it is a connectionless protocol). Each packet contains the IP address of the recipient.

Other Network Layer Protocols

There are a number of protocols that run over IP including

ICMP

IGMP

They are still considered to be in the Network layer as they provide control information.

There are also some protocols that run under IP but above the data link layer including

ARP

Click on a protocol to find out more about that protocol.

Next: Data Link Layer