HNC/HND Business

HNC/HND Business

HN Network Events

SQA are pleased to announce we will be hosting Network Events for the HN Business related subjects in February 2016. The purpose of these events is to support practitioners with the delivery and assessment of the HNC/HND frameworks. This will include subject updates, workshops and networking opportunities.

The dates for each subject are:

  • HN Accounting – Wednesday 17 February 2016
  • HN Business – Monday 22 February 2016
  • HN Administration and Information Technology – Thursday 25 February 2016

Places are available via SQA Events online booking system

The HNC and HND in Business are designed to provide a broad understanding of business organisations and the environment in which they operate. Candidates who achieve these qualifications may go on to study further academic and professional qualifications or embark on an administrative, managerial or commercial career.

The HND has a strong managerial focus which helps successful candidates to progress to management roles. In addition, the wide range of options enables candidates to progress to specialist roles such as human resource management, marketing, and financial services.

These qualifications are widely available in colleges.

Business Accounting F84M 34 / Business: Graded Unit 1 F8LD 34 - Amendments in line with Financial Reporting Standard 102

Many of the HN Accounting Unit Specifications have been revised in line with the requirements of FRS102, the Financial Reporting Standard applicable in the UK and Republic of Ireland. The most significant impact of this on HNC/D Business is some changes to the Business Accounting F84M 34 Unit and some minor amendments to Business: Graded Unit 1 F8LD 34. These relate only to terminology, the Evidence Requirements within each Unit remain otherwise unchanged. The Unit specifications below should be used from session 2015/2016 onwards. The Assessment Support Packs (ASPs) for these Units have also been updated.

Appendix 1 and 2 of the August 2014 Update Letter provide a list of terminology and suggested layout for financial statements.

For details of the other HN Accounting Units affected (which may be optional within HNC/D Business) please refer to the HN Accounting webpage.

Revised Mandatory Communication Unit

As part of a review of the suite of servicing HN Communication Units, the Unit - Communication: Analysing and Presenting Complex Communication (DE3N 34) - has been revised and replaced by a new Unit with title - Communication: Business Communication (H7TK 34).

This Unit is mandatory within both HNC/D Administration and Information Technology and HNC/D Business Group Awards. The previous version - Communication: Analysing and Presenting Complex Communication (DE3N 34) - has now entered lapsing period and will end on 31.07.2016.  For more information, please refer to the recent Update Letter issued by the Qualification Manager for the Communication subject area.

Security Breach - Managing People and Organisations Assessment Exemplar F84T 34/AEX001 (October 2010)

It has come to our attention that there has been a breach of security in relation to the SQA publication indicated above. It has therefore been agreed that this document should now be removed from the SQA website with immediate effect. Please refer to the recent Update Letter concerning this for more information.

Why deliver this qualification

The HNC and HND in Business qualifications are based on employer needs established through a robust consultation and validation process. The qualifications therefore provide skills required by industry and business.

Achievement is certificated and nationally recognised.

The qualifications can be tailored to the needs and circumstances of candidates. They can be delivered on a part-time or open-learning basis, and teaching and assessment can be aligned to the candidate’s job role if appropriate.

Who does this qualification suit

HNC and HND Business qualifications are designed for candidates who wish to pursue a career in business — but don’t wish to commit themselves to a specialist area at the outset.

They are suitable for a wide range of candidates including:

  • school leavers
  • adult returners to education
  • those in employment who wish to enhance their career prospects those who are, or wish to be, self-employed and require a broad grounding in business


Access is at the discretion of the centre. Examples of appropriate entry qualifications are:

  • NC Business at SCQF level 5
  • Business Management Higher (SCQF level 6)
  • relevant National Qualifications or National Qualification Group Awards at SCQF level 5 or 6 any two National Qualifications at Higher level together with three Standard Grade passes at 3 or above
  • an SVQ Level 2 or 3 in a relevant area

Candidate Information

HNC and HND Business will prepare candidates for entry to a wide range of job roles within business organisations.


The HNC and HND Business enable candidates to acquire skills and knowledge in key business functions such as management, marketing, and finance.

These qualifications also help enhance relevant knowledge and skills in economics, communication, problem solving and information and communication technology.

Successful candidates also have the option to go on to further study at an equivalent or higher level.


Centres with devolved authority are eligible to seek approval through their own internal approval process.

Centres without devolved authority will have to come forward for approval and should contact the Business Development Team for guidance in completing the combined CA1/SA1 form.

Assessors and verifiers must be able to meet SQA's general requirements as outlined in the guide to approval.

Specific approval requirements
Centres require ICT facilities for the delivery and assessment of the following Units:

IT in Business: Spreadsheets (F84V 34)
IT Applications Software 1 (D75X 35)
Information and Communication Technology in Business (F84W 35)

Centres should keep up-to-date with developments in legislation and business practices relevant to the knowledge and skills within the Group Awards.

How to assess

Assessment is on an ongoing Unit-by-Unit basis. Each individual Unit specification provides detailed information on the Evidence Requirements and guidance on approaches to assessment.

Candidates will also be assessed via a Graded Unit towards the end of the programme. The purpose of Graded Units is to grade the candidate’s ability to integrate the knowledge and skills gained in the mandatory Units.

The Graded Units are:

  • Business: Graded Unit 1 (F8LD 34) Examination based on a seen case study at SCQF level 7
  • Business: Graded Unit 2: (F8LE 35) Project Investigation at SCQF level 8

Where can you take this course?

Qualification content and delivery tools


Group Award Specification

Title: HNC and HND Business
Code: G9ML 15 and G9MM 16
Date: Version 14 (May 2015)
Download: HNC and HND Business Arrangement Document

Assessment Exemplars/Assessment Support Packs

Internal Assessment Reports

Units and Delivery Tools

HNC Business

Group Award code: G9ML 15 (96 SCQF credit points)
SCQF level: 7


The HNC in Business consists of eight mandatory Units (80 SCQF credit points) and either one or two optional Units (16 SCQF credit points).

Mandatory Units

Managing People and Organisations — F84T 34
Marketing: An Introduction — F7BX 34
Economic Issues: An Introduction — F7BX 34
Business Accounting — F84M 34
Communication: Analysing and Presenting Complex Communication — DE3N 34
IT in Business: Spreadsheets — F84V 34
IT: Applications Software 1 — D75X 34
Business Graded Unit 1 — F8LD 34

HND Business

Group Award code: G9MM 16 (240 SCQF credit points)
SCQF level: 8


The HND in Business consists of 18 Units (184 SCQF credit points) and up to seven optional Units (56 SCQF credit points).

Mandatory Units

Managing People and Organisations — F84T 34
Marketing: An Introduction — F7BX 34
Economic Issues: An Introduction — F7BX 34
Business Accounting — F84M 34
Communication: Analysing and Presenting Complex Communication — DE3N 34
IT in Business: Spreadsheets — F84V 34
IT: Applications Software 1 — D75X 34
Business Culture and Strategy — F7J7 35
Behavioural Skills for Business — F84L 35
Economics 1: Micro and Macro Theory and Application — F7J6 35
Economics 2: The World Economy — F86E 35
Information and Communication Technology in Business — F84W 35
Statistics for Business — F84K 35
Preparing Financial Forecasts — F84R 35
Business Law: An Introduction — F84P 34
Business Contractual Relationships — F84N 34
Business Graded Unit 1 — F8LD 34
Business Graded Unit 2 — F8LE 35

SOLAR formative assessment

OpenAssess ( ) is a facility which enables the delivery of formative assessments to support learning within SQA Qualifications.  It is part of the SOLAR suite of applications that SQA use to deliver assessment across a range of qualifications.  We have released a limited number of formative assessments to support Business, Accounting and Administration and IT Higher National awards.  These cover topics such as Meeting skills, employee motivation techniques and Payroll. 

The full list of all assessments available through SOLAR, both formative and summative is available on the SOLAR website at

  SOLAR Formative Assessment

Additional Information

Assessment Title

Unit Title

Unit No

Topics covered

Topic-based formative questions.

11 questions

Marketing: An Introduction

Marketing: An Introduction

F7BX 34            


Topic-based formative questions.

13 questions

Behavioural skills for Business

Behavioural skills for Business

F7BX 34


Qualifications Support Teams Action Grids


HN Launch 2010


These Group Awards have been replaced by G9ML 15 and G9MM 16 with G7D9 15 finished 31/07/2013 and G7DA 16 finishing 31/07/2014.

Centres should note that when a Group Award is entered into its lapsing period, the following will apply:

  • the Group Award will be deleted from the relevant catalogue
  • the Group Award Arrangement document will remain until the qualification reaches its finish date at which point it will be removed form SQA website and archived
  • no new centres may be approved to offer the Group Award
  • centres should only enter candidates whom they expect to complete the Group Award during the defined lapsing period of 3 years for HNC and 4 years for HND. 




Related links