Glossary

GRAPHIC: Induction Guide for Centre Staff logo.

Glossary

Scottish education and training is full of acronyms and special terminology.  These are some of the ones that you'll come across in everyday use by SQA, but it is by no means a definitive or exhaustive list!

A

ACE

Adult and Continuing Education

ADES

Association of Directors of Education in Scotland
View ADES website GRAPHIC: Web Link icon - clicking on this link will open a new window.

AEAS

Association of Educational Advisers in Scotland
View AEAS website GRAPHIC: Web Link icon - clicking on this link will open a new window.

APL

Accreditation of Prior Learning (the process which enables candidates to receive certification for past achievements.  These may have been acquired through work experience, leisure pursuits or training.  APL focuses on the competences which can be demonstrated at the time)

Appeals

The process where a centre can appeal against either a candidate's external assessment result or a quality assurance decision against the centre

Approved Centre

The term used by SQA to describe the place where candidates undertake qualifications

APS

Awards Processing System (SQA's computer system for processing candidate registrations, entries and results)

ASCETT

Advisory Scottish Council for Education and Training Targets

Assessment

The process of collecting and interpreting evidence of candidate performance

Assessment arrangements

Alternative instruments of assessment and/or support to enable a candidate to demonstrate competence against the qualification standards

Assessment on demand

The use of the assessment process to confirm competence without requiring candidates to undertake any further training

Assessor

The person who applies the assessment process to candidates for their achievement of a qualification

Assessor and Verifier Units

Nationally-devised Units which centre staff can complete to prove their competence in the assessment process


 

C

CAM

Customer Account Manager (SQA member of staff who looks after the interests of specific centres)

Candidate

The term given to a person undertaking an SQA qualification

CBAL

Community Based Adult Learning

CGLI

City and Guilds of London Institute
View CGLI website GRAPHIC: Web Link icon - clicking on this link will open a new window.

CLS

Community Learning Scotland
View CLS website GRAPHIC: Web Link icon - clicking on this link will open a new window.

Cognitive competence

The ability to apply knowledge and intellectual skills

Core Skills

Transferable skills and knowledge which underpin lifelong learning, work and social life, and are assessed as part of all SQA's qualification families

CoSLA

Convention of Scottish Local Authorities
View CoSLA website GRAPHIC: Web Link icon - clicking on this link will open a new window.

Credit transfer

The process by which recognised competences or formal qualifications in one area are accepted as evidence of achievement in another area

Criterion-referenced assessment

Assessment which seeks to measure what candidates can do against previously established or pre-determined standards of performance

CSYS

Certificate of Sixth Year Studies (discontinued)


 

D

DfEE

Department for Education and Employment - now called Department for Education and Skills (DfES)
View DfES website GRAPHIC: Web Link icon - clicking on this link will open a new window.

DGSA

Dangerous Goods Safety Advisers
View DGSA website GRAPHIC: Web Link icon - clicking on this link will open a new window.

DSO

Data Solutions Officer



 

E

EBP

Education Business Partnerships

Edexel

English awarding body responsible for GCSE and A level qualifications
View Edexcel website GRAPHIC: Web Link icon - clicking on this link will open a new window.

EIS

Educational Institute of Scotland
View EIS website GRAPHIC: Web Link icon - clicking on this link will open a new window.

ESOR

Electronic Statement of Results

EV

External Verifier (the SQA official who checks that the assessment process for SVQs has been valid, reliable and practicable)

Evidence

What the candidate produces to prove competence/ability against the qualification

External assessment

Assessment of a candidate's competence/ability against a qualification under exam conditions


 

F

FE

Further Education

FEDA

Further Education Development Agency (for England) - now called the Learning and Skills Development Agency (LSDA)
View LSDA website GRAPHIC: Web Link icon - clicking on this link will open a new window.

Formative assessment

Formal assessments which provide feedback to candidates and teaching/lecturing staff without being recorded for external purposes


 

G

GCSE

General Certificate of Secondary Education (for England, Wales and Northern Ireland - equivalent to Standard Grade)

GNVQ

General National Vocational Qualification (a qualification in England, Wales and Northern Ireland)

Graded Units

Applicable only to HNC/Ds, this is a stand-alone credit which proves candidate competence in being able to integrate all the Unit skills and knowledge, to demonstrate that they have achieved the principal aim of the Group Award

GRC

Grade Related Criteria (the criteria for distinguishing between various levels of performance in National Qualifications)

GSVQ

General Scottish Vocational Qualification (discontinued)

GTC

General Teaching Council for Scotland
View GTC website GRAPHIC: Web Link icon - clicking on this link will open a new window.


 

H

HAS

Headteachers Association of Scotland
View HAS website GRAPHIC: Web Link icon - clicking on this link will open a new window.

HE

Higher Education

HIE

Highlands and Islands Enterprise
View HIE website GRAPHIC: Web Link icon - clicking on this link will open a new window.

HMCIE

Her Majesty's Chief Inspector of Education

HMIE

Her Majesty's Inspector of Education

HN

Higher National

HNC

Higher National Certificate

HND

Higher National Diploma


 

I

ICT

Information and Communications Technology

ILA

Individual Learning Accounts

Independent assessment

An instrument of assessment applied by the awarding body to improve the rigour and credibility of assessment decisions across different awarding bodies and centres

Instruments of assessment

A means of generating evidence of a candidate's competence.  Sometimes referred to as 'approaches to assessment' or 'assessment methodology', eg observation checklist, project specification or peer report

Integrated assessment

Where the application of an instrument of assessment allows for assessment of more than one Unit within a qualification

Internal assessment

Assessment of a candidate's competence which occurs within an approved centre

Internal Verifier/ Moderator

The person within the centre who checks that the assessment process has been valid, reliable and practicable


 

K

KU

Knowledge and Understanding


 

L

LEC

Local Enterprise Company

LSC

Learning and Skills Council
View LSC website GRAPHIC: Web Link icon - clicking on this link will open a new window.

LTS

Learning and Teaching Scotland
View LTS website GRAPHIC: Web Link icon - clicking on this link will open a new window.


 

M

MA

Modern Apprenticeship

Marking scheme

Pre-determined answers against a Unit/Course specification which is used to judge candidates' evidence


 

N

NAB

National Assessment Bank

NASG

National Assessment Steering Group

NASUWT

National Association of Schoolmasters/Union of Women Teachers (Scotland)
View NASUWT website GRAPHIC: Web Link icon - clicking on this link will open a new window.

NC

National Course or National Certificate

NGFL

National Grid for Learning
View NGFL website  GRAPHIC: Web Link icon - clicking on this link will open a new window.

NOS

National Occupational Standards (see Occupational standards)

NQ

National Qualification

NQTG

National Qualifications Task Group

NRA

National Record of Achievement

NVQ

National Vocational Qualification


 

O

Occupational standards

In SVQs, standards determined by a Sector Skills Council relating to skills and knowledge considered relevant to particular jobs in that industrial sector

OCR

Oxford Cambridge and RSA Examinations (English awarding body)
View OCR website GRAPHIC: Web Link icon - clicking on this link will open a new window.

Open learning

Learning which is flexibly designed to make education and training widely accessible.  Includes flexistudy, open access, distance learning, learning by appointment and independent study

OU

Open University
View Open University website GRAPHIC: Web Link icon - clicking on this link will open a new window.


 

P

PA

Principal Assessor

PAT

Professional Association of Teachers
View PAT website GRAPHIC: Web Link icon - clicking on this link will open a new window.

PBNC

Project-based National Course

PDA

Professional Development Award (SQA qualifications made up of Higher National or SVQ Units)

Portfolio

A folder or booklet containing indexed and organised candidate evidence relevant to a qualification

Practical competence

The candidate's ability to perform manual and/or behavioural tasks

PS

Problem Solving - one of the Core Skills

PSAG

Projects and Standards Approval Group (for SVQs)


 

Q

QA

Quality Assurance

QAA

Quality Assurance Agency (responsible for QA in Higher Education)
View QAA website GRAPHIC: Web Link icon - clicking on this link will open a new window.

QAM

Quality Assurance Manager. Official appointed by SQA to check a centre's quality assurance management systems in respect of delivery of qualifications

QCA

Qualifications and Curriculum Authority
View QCA website GRAPHIC: Web Link icon - clicking on this link will open a new window.


 

R

RER

Registrations, Entries and Results - collective term for these SQA procedures, and the manual that covers them (though this has been replaced with Operational Help Centre).  You may also see references to REUR - Registrations, Entries and Unit Results

RET

Record of Education and Training (an earlier form of the SQC)

RSA

Royal Society of Arts Examination Board


 

S

SACCA

Scottish Advisory Committee on Credit and Access

SCE

Scottish Certificate of Education (now discontinued)

SCIS

Scottish Council of Independent Schools
View SCIS website GRAPHIC: Web Link icon - clicking on this link will open a new window.

SCN

Scottish Candidate Number

SCOTCAT

Scottish Credit Accumulation and Transfer Scheme

SCOTie

SQA individual enrolment system (predecessor of the APS)

Scotland's Colleges

Scotland’s Colleges exists to support, represent and promote Scotland's 43 colleges who are at the forefront of lifelong learning, education, training and skills.
View Scotland's Colleges website GRAPHIC: Web Link icon - clicking on this link will open a new window.

SCQF

Scottish Credit and Qualifications Framework
View SCQF website GRAPHIC: Web Link icon - clicking on this link will open a new window.

SCRE

Scottish Council for Research in Education
View SCRE website GRAPHIC: Web Link icon - clicking on this link will open a new window.

SEED

Scottish Government Education Department
View SEED website GRAPHIC: Web Link icon - clicking on this link will open a new window.

SEELLD

Scottish Government Enterprise and Lifelong Learning Department
View SEELD website GRAPHIC: Web Link icon - clicking on this link will open a new window.

SEN

Special Education Needs
or
Scottish Enterprise National
View SEN website GRAPHIC: Web Link icon - clicking on this link will open a new window.

SFEFC

Scottish Further Education Funding Council
View SFEFC website GRAPHIC: Web Link icon - clicking on this link will open a new window.

SFHEA

Scottish Further and Higher Education Association
View SFHEA website GRAPHIC: Web Link icon - clicking on this link will open a new window.

SGA

Scottish Group Award

SHEFC

Scottish Higher Education Funding Council
View SHEFC website GRAPHIC: Web Link icon - clicking on this link will open a new window.

SLN

Special Learning Needs

SME

Small to medium-sized enterprise

SPA

Scottish Progression Award

SPTC

Scottish Parent Teacher Council

SQC

Scottish Qualifications Certificate

SQMS

Scottish Quality Management System
View SQMS website GRAPHIC: Web Link icon - clicking on this link will open a new window.

SSA Scot

Sector Skills Alliance Scotland
View SSA Scot website GRAPHIC: Web Link icon - clicking on this link will open a new window.

SSBA

Scottish School Board Association
View SSBA website GRAPHIC: Web Link icon - clicking on this link will open a new window.

SSC

Sector Skills Council

SSDA

Sector Skills Development Agency
View SSDA website GRAPHIC: Web Link icon - clicking on this link will open a new window.

SSTA

Scottish Secondary Teachers Association
View SSTA website GRAPHIC: Web Link icon - clicking on this link will open a new window.

STN

Special Training Needs

SUfI

Scottish University for Industry
View SUfI website GRAPHIC: Web Link icon - clicking on this link will open a new window.

Summative assessment

Assessment which measures the final level of achievement of a student and is used for certification

SV

Systems Verifier

SVQ

Scottish Vocational Qualification

SWAP

Scottish Wider Access Programme
View SWAP website GRAPHIC: Web Link icon - clicking on this link will open a new window.

Systems Verifier

Official appointed by SQA to check a centre's quality assurance management systems in respect of delivery of qualifications


 

T

T & D

Training and Development


 

U

UCAS

Universities and Colleges Admission Service
View UCAS website GRAPHIC: Web Link icon - clicking on this link will open a new window.

UfI

University for Industry
View UfI website GRAPHIC: Web Link icon - clicking on this link will open a new window.

UHIP

University of the Highlands and Island Project

US

Universities Scotland
View US website GRAPHIC: Web Link icon - clicking on this link will open a new window.


 

V

VET

Vocational Education and Training


 

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