Skip to main content

Types of scripting languages

Specialised scripting languages include:

Perl (Practical Extraction and Report Language). This is a popular string processing language for writing small scripts for system administrators and web site maintainers. Much web development is now done using Perl.

Hypertalk is another example. It is the underlying scripting language of HyperCard.

Lingo is the scripting language of Macromedia Director, an authoring system for develop high-performance multimedia content and applications for CDs, DVDs and the Internet.

AppleScript, a scripting language for the Macintosh allows the user to send commands to the operating system to, for example open applications, carry out complex data operations.

JavaScript, perhaps the most publicised and well-known scripting language was initially developed by Netscape as LiveScript to allow more functionality and enhancement to web page authoring that raw HTML could not accommodate. A standard version of JavaScript was later developed to work in both Netscape and Microsoft's Internet Explorer, thus making the language to a large extent, universal. This means that JavaScript code can run on any platform that has a JavaScript interpreter.

VBScript, a cut-down version of Visual Basic, used to enhance the features of web pages in Internet Explorer.

Next: Advantages and Disadvantages of Scripting Languages