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Addressing the Network

The three addressing elements that are used on a network are as follows:

  • MAC address - see the above description and the following Activity.
  • IP (Internet Protocol) address - most internal and all external networks use IP addresses to identify nodes on both LANs and WANs.
  • Network name - the most common type of network name is the computer name (also known as the host name). A computer name is the name assigned to a workstation or other networked device and used to identify that node by other network users. Computer names are NetBIOS (Network Basis Input/Output System) names. NetBIOS uses unique 15-character names that are periodically broadcast over the network so the names can be catalogued and displayed by Windows Network Neighbourhood. You will find that, when using Windows 98, that this catalogue takes a while to be created and you may not see a newly connected computer added on to the catalogue immediately.

Next: Activity 4.3