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Network Protocols

Protocol Description
TCP/IP

Transmission Control Protocol/ Internet Protocol

IP specifies the format of packets and the addressing scheme. Most networks combine IP with a higher-level protocol called Transmission Control Protocol (TCP), which establishes a virtual connection between a destination and a source. This protocol uses the IP address for sending and receiving data.

IPX/SPX (NWLink),

Internetwork Packet Exchange/ Sequenced Packet Exchange

Used by Novell as their protocol for their network application NetWare.

AppleTalk An inexpensive local network protocol that is built in to Apple Macintosh computers. Windows machines require additional hardware and software if they wish to use AppleTalk.
NetBEUI/ NetBIOS

NetBIOS Extended User Interface/ Network Basic Input Output System

This protocol uses the DOS name of the computers to communicate with each other hence the need to name the computer when installing the operating system.

PPP

Point-to-Point Protocol

Used to connect and manage network communications over a WAN.

NFS

Network File Services

Allows the network node to access network drives as if they were local drives for files and data; also performs the file-access and data-retrieval tasks that are requested of the network



Next: Configuring TCP/IP