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File Transfer Protocol

FTP is a protocol or rule used for uploading and downloading files on the Internet or across a network. FTP is part of the TCP/IP protocol suite. Files that can be transferred include web pages, sound, video and programs among many others. FTP today is an integrated function of web browsers; however there are also dedicated FTP programs available for use.

Because FTP is part of TCP/IP you can use it to transfer files from the command prompt or text-based command line. A typical command to log on to an FTP server would be ftp ftp.example.microsoft.com or ftp 82.41.100.33. To learn more about the command-line FTP, simply enter ftp at the command prompt and then enter help (see Figure 4.1). As you may be aware, the commands are very similar to the DOS operating system. For more information about FTP, including examples of syntax and commands, visit the following websites:

  • www.microsoft.com/resources/documentation/windows/xp/all/proddocs/en-us/ftp.mspx
  • www.nsftools.com/tips/MSFTP.htm

Next: Graphical FTP Programs