Terms & Conditions: General, Data Protection, Disclaimer and Copyright


This website and all its content (‘the website’) belongs exclusively to the Scottish Qualifications Authority, (‘SQA’) a Non-Departmental Public Body responsible to the Scottish Parliament, through the Scottish Government Education Department, for the development and management of assessment and certification of a wide range of qualifications in Scotland.

SQA was established under Section 1 of the Education (Scotland) Act 1996. Our usual place of business is at The Optima Building, 58 Robertson Street, Glasgow G2 8DQ, Scotland, and we can be contacted by telephone on 0303 333 0330, or by e-mail on mycentre@sqa.org.uk.

SQA makes all reasonable efforts to ensure that all information provided through this website, published on the internet, is accurate at the time of inclusion. However, there may be inadvertent and occasional errors, including typographical errors, for which we apologise. Information may also be updated or changed at any time without notice. 

Privacy and Cookies Statement


The information contained in this website is given in good faith, but SQA does not warrant that it will always be complete, accurate, up-to-date or reliable.

Our website contains links to other websites, but this does not mean that we endorse or accept responsibility for these sites, and we are not responsible for the privacy practices or content of these websites. Please ensure that you have taken precautionary measures to ensure than any downloads etc, from these sites are free from any virus, Trojan horse or any other items that may cause damage or destruction.

SQA makes no warranty or representation that the use of this website will be uninterrupted or error free, or that this site or the server that hosts it are free of viruses or bugs.

SQA assumes no responsibility or liability for any information published on this website and further disclaims all liability in respect of such information. In particular, we hereby exclude all liability for any claims, losses, demands or damages whatsoever in relation to any information, content, promotion, procedures, products or methods contained in or referred to in the material published on the site. No exclusion is made, however, in respect of death or personal injury arising from our negligence.

Copyright notice

The content of these pages is copyright © and the property of Scottish Qualifications Authority. It is made available subject to the following terms and conditions depending on whether use is for personal non-commercial purposes or for commercial purposes.

SQA grants permission for these pages to be used by learners, parents of learners and by approved SQA centres providing Scottish Qualifications Authority Courses. Permission is also granted for non-commercial, non-profit use by others who would find it useful.

You may download to a local hard disk and print extracts from this website solely for your personal non-commercial use. You may also recopy downloaded extracts to others provided you do not do so for profit or for any commercial basis.

If you do wish to reproduce any content for any commercial purpose then you must seek advance written permission and clearance from SQA. Any reproduction without such permission may infringe the legal rights of SQA. SQA reserves the right to withhold permission. Please email permissions@sqa.org.uk with the details of your request.

For most material, permission for non-commercial use will be granted free of charge at the sole discretion of SQA. In addition, all use whether commercial or non-commercial must comply with the following terms and conditions. However:

  • SQA’s copyright must be expressly acknowledged according to the instructions of SQA in the reproduced copy
  • any worked answers prepared by you/on your behalf must be clearly identified as not being provided, or approved, by SQA
  • you are responsible for obtaining advance written permissions for third party copyright materials used with permission by SQA (details are supplied by SQA) and complying with these terms and conditions. SQA does not provide you with any permission on behalf of third parties
  • for any electronic use, where practical, links to the SQA website should be used rather than hosted material

A charge is made for past papers and specimen/exemplar question papers being used for commercial purposes. Please see the table below for the latest charges:


Single use

Multi-edition (up to three years)

Use of past paper or specimen/exemplar question paper - per question/extract - UK

£25 plus VAT

£40 plus VAT

Use of past paper or specimen/exemplar question paper - per question/extract - international

£40 plus VAT

£65 plus VAT

Please note:

Where there are two or more components, such as Question 1 (a) and 1 (b), these are considered to be separate questions.

Extracts from the marking guidance for past papers and specimen/exemplar question papers are charged under the same fee structure as questions, so the use of example answers would incur additional fees.

There is a minimum charge per order of £60 (plus VAT) and prices are subject to change.

For commercial purposes, no more than 30% of the questions from any individual past paper or specimen question paper may be used in any one publication or resource.

All other rights are reserved. Subject to the above terms and conditions and/or any express prior approval by SQA, none of the contents of this website may be copied or otherwise incorporated into or stored in any other design, logo, website, electronic retrieval system, publication or other work in any form (whether hard copy, electronic or other). For the avoidance of doubt, linking to or framing of this site or any part of it is not permitted without express permission.

Publications downloaded from this website may have their own specific copyright notices, and you should follow the instructions as stated on the title page.